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9 Things Every Person Should Do After 9 P.M.

Nighttime secrets from ultra successful people and science.

Recently an enormous amount of attention has been paid to establishing morning routines that set people up for success. Still, your nighttime routine is just as important, if not more important, than your morning routine.

As the popular saying goes, “It’s not how you start. It’s how you finish.” I would say it’s both. A great morning routine is like a great starting pitcher in baseball. He gets you off to a strong start, that sets you up to win. Just as important is that great nighttime routine, which is like a closing pitcher. Rather than have things fall apart, the closer comes in and pulls everything together, making sure you end your day successfully.

These 9 tips are thoroughly researched and drawn both from science, and the habits of the most successful people in the world. I’m writing this article as a process of improvement for myself. I personally have been spending a lot of time late at night on Instagram and in front of my computer. I’ve been waking up groggy because of a lack of slack. Whenever I implement the following behaviors I feel significantly better both that night, and the next day.

1. Turn Off Technology

The National Sleep Foundation suggests powering down devices an hour before bedtime. Technology like phones, computers and tablets release blue light which spikes cortisol in our bodies. According to Dr. Charles Czeisler, this light tricks our body into thinking it’s daytime. Cortisol delays the onset of the naturally occurring chemical melatonin, which enables us to fall asleep.

2. Read a “Real” Book

Microsoft CEO Bill Gates spends an hour reading before bed. Research says this is a good choice. Reading, even for just 6 minutes, reduces stress up to 68%, according to a study from the University of Essex

Even Former President Barack Obama found time to read during his time as POTUS. He noted in a 2009 interview with Newsweek, “I usually have about a half hour to read before I go to bed.”

Harvard Medical School researchers found those who read a paper book, slept significantly better than those who curled up with an e-book. Those individuals needed an additional 10 minutes to fall asleep, and had poorer sleep when they did nod off.

3. Journal

Harvard Business Review found that employees who journaled at the end of the day were over 20% more productive than their peers who did not. Here’s their rationale:

Learning from direct experience can be more effective if coupled with reflection — that is, the intentional attempt to synthesize, abstract, and articulate the key lessons taught by experience.

Imagine applying this journal technique to your entire day. Not only will you become more productive in your work, but also your personal life.

You can read about a quick way to recap your day in one of my previous articles below.

4. Plan for the Next Day

Lightly planning for the next day is a critical step for success.

Writing for Entrepreneur Magazine, Jayson DeMers notes how President Obama consistently planned his next day the night before. Obama, “spends the evening reviewing schedules and briefs for the coming day” often until around midnight when he then picks up a book.

In the journal routine I mentioned above, you can write three objectives for your next day. This is also the Most Important Thing (MIT) technique. According to DeMers, it’s healthy to, “Define your top priorities for tomorrow before bed. You’ll wake up with a clear agenda and be ready to accomplish more.”

5. Cool Down

Find yourself tossing and turning instead of sleeping soundly? It may be because you’re too hot or cold.

Dr. Christopher Winter of Charlottesville Sleep Medicine notes:

Most studies agree that a temperature between 60 and 67 degrees Fahrenheit is optimal for sleeping, with temperatures above 75 degrees and below 54 degrees disruptive to sleep.

If this seems to cold, recommends the ideal sleeping temperature to be between 65 and 71 degrees Fahrenheit.

Besides turning down the thermostat or turning on a fan, you can take a cool shower before bed, use less covers, and/or sleep with little or no clothing to lower your body temperature.